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Vietnamese mechanical engineering

 10:40 14/09/2018        Lượt xem: 652

Vietnamese mechanical engineering
 Currently, the demand for machines and equipment for the period to 2020 and the next few years is quite large. The figure is estimated by the Institute of Mechanical Engineering in the period 2011-2025 to be approximately $ 250 billion. However, the domestic capacity only meets about 25% of demand, expected on average Vietnam will spend about $ 13 billion each year to import machinery and equipment.
 Currently, the demand for machines and equipment for the period to 2020 and the next few years is quite large. The figure is estimated by the Institute of Mechanical Engineering in the period 2011-2025 to be approximately $ 250 billion. However, the domestic capacity only meets about 25% of demand, expected on average Vietnam will spend about $ 13 billion each year to import machinery and equipment.
 Currently, the demand for machines and equipment for the period to 2020 and the next few years is quite large. The figure is estimated by the Institute of Mechanical Engineering in the period 2011-2025 to be approximately $ 250 billion. However, the domestic capacity only meets about 25% of demand, expected on average Vietnam will spend about $ 13 billion each year to import machinery and equipment.

According to the Trade and Industry Information Center of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, in the first two months of 2013, imports of machinery and spare parts increased by 4.8 billion USD , up 40.6% over the same period last year.

In recent years, the mechanical industry has grown very slowly and has not achieved the localization goal as expected. Director of the Research Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. Nguyen Chi Sang pointed out that: Because not master in design, the project management is still heavily dependent on foreign countries, resulting in not active in the selection of input equipment. and not accelerate the process of localization.

Although the capacity of the mechanical industry is weak, many experts in the field share the same view: If well organized, we can fully assume the design, manufacture and supply of mechanical products. for the market with the localization rate to 50%. In fact, many large projects in Vietnam and abroad are successfully implemented by Vietnamese mechanical companies with high localization rates.

Mr. Sang affirmed that if the direction of the Government is firm, it is possible to carry out well the localization of mechanical products and mechanical products that can meet 50-55% of the market. field of the domestic industry.

The cause is that the mechanical industry does not meet the market demand nor meets the objectives of the strategy of mechanical development is due to bidding cheap, not paying attention to origin, not paying attention to the localization rate, so most of the large projects fall into the hands of foreign contractors. Then, many large projects have to borrow foreign capital often have conditions to buy machinery and equipment of the country loans.

The more important reason is that the development of the strategy and planning is not synchronous, it does not propose the overall solution to link investment with the development of the mechanical industry, between the development of industries with the program Developing the mechanical engineering industry, leading to a slowdown in the mechanical engineering industry with other industries. For example, in the investment projects of rotary kiln cement plants, in thermal power, in new drilling rig ...

According to Mr. Nguyen Chi Sang, there are reasons that the solutions, mechanisms and policies issued to support the mechanical industry is not strictly implemented, such as the "appointment of conditional and limited contractor "So that the domestic contractor can assume the function of general contractor, compete with the foreign contractor ...

In order to promote the mechanical industry to develop stably and sustainably, besides reviewing and amending the Bidding Law to create more conditions for domestic contractors as well as materials and mechanical products. It is also necessary to include the origin of the goods and the localization rate in the evaluation criteria in bidding activities.

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